Blog topic: Nuclear warfare: Components of International Studies
The second aspect of international studies I am going to examine from my topic of nuclear warfare is history. I think that it is important to analyze my topic from a historical standpoint because much of our previous history translates to solutions of the present. Similarly, to the old saying “Those who don’t know history are doomed to repeat it.” That doesn’t necessarily mean that history is completely full of mistakes, rather is suggests that those who don’t know history won’t be able to improve the present.
We can look at nuclear warfare from a few different aspects when talking about history. The first I would like to mention is the development of these nuclear weapons of mass destruction. Although the US weren’t the first to discover the secrets as to how to split the uranium atom, they created and testing the first nuclear weapon. Back in 1939, a pair of German physicists discovered the secrets as to how to split a uranium atom. Soon after the information arrived in the United States, fears spread as over the possibilities of the Nazi’s being able to produce a bomb capable of serious destruction. It was later in 1941 under President Roosevelt that the United States began research into their nuclear program under the codename- The Manhattan Project. This began a race between countries to create the first nuclear bomb. In 1945, the first nuclear weapon was tested in New Mexico. Soon after this massive 100 kiloton bomb was detonated, word had spread fast to Germany and Japan. This movement lead the world into the nuclear age.
Soon after the first testing of the atomic bomb, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Forever changing the world of nuclear warfare. Three days later, the US dropped another atomic bomb on the city of Nagasaki. This sequence of bombings led to roughly 260,000 injuries and deaths. Although this led to a surrender of the Japanese ending WWII, it opened a whole new world of meaning to the term weapons of mass destruction.
In the year following, multiple countries, including the United States, the Soviet Union, and Great Britain conducted several nuclear weapon tests. This led the world into a state of suspense as to when and where the next nuclear weapon was going to be tested that may destroy the next part of the world. Soon calling for a need of a nuclear treaty agreement between countries to be amended.
Even after multiple nuclear treaties have been signed between various regions, the continued effort to create and test nuclear weapons have not stopped. So have these treaties slowed the development of nuclear warhead development of some countries or have these treaties just made countries keep their nuclear programs hidden behind curtains because of fear that other countries may become more powerful and may use these WMDs to their advantage? Although most of these countries will not admit to furthering their nuclear programs, it is almost certain that they have continued research in these areas in search of the next best technological advancement to further their lead in this power race of the world.